How to setup the perfect 9.04 Jaunty Jackalope Desktop
Now that you have Ubuntu 9.04 installed, we are going to add all the basic programs, codecs, and customizations that you may need on Ubuntu.
Your new install probably has some services running that you don’t need. Let’s remove those to free up some system resources. To do this select System > Administration > Services. Unlock the services tab by entering your password. Then remove the services you do not need.
Next lets disable the startup programs that you do not need by going to System > Preferences > Sessions.
Installing & Uninstalling Programs
Select Applications > Add/Remove to install any programs you may want, and uninstall any programs that you don’t.
Now lets customize how your computer notifies you when there are updates. Select System > Administration > Software Sources.
Under the Ubuntu Software tab, you can enable or disable the main repositories for Ubuntu. One suggestion that I have is that you change which repository you are using. By default it will use the US Server (or possibly another countries server if you are located outside the US. We want our updates to be as fast as possible and Ubuntu provides a way for us to determine what the best repository server is for us. Where it says Download from: click the arrow. This will bring up a list: choose Other. A new window will pop up with a button on the right hand side that says “Select Best Server.” Click that button and Ubuntu will test the downloads from all the servers and determine which one is best for you. When it is done, the server that is best for you will be highlighted. Click Choose Server to close the window.
In the Third-Party Software tab you can enable or disable any repositories that are not official Ubuntu repositories.
The Updates tab allows you to choose which updates you want to be informed about, and how often you want Ubuntu to check for updates.
To install all the “goodies” out there for Ubuntu, we need to make the Medibuntu repositories available. To do this, run the following two commands:
Install Restricted Codecs
Ubuntu does not ship with items such as flash, java, and some codecs due to licensing. Let’s enable the backports repository and install these items.
Locate the following lines and remove the # from the front of them:
# deb-src http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ jaunty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
Now lets update your system and install some codecs, including the restricted codecs.
Speed up your system
Even though Ubuntu is fast on its own, wouldn’t you like to make it even faster? Lets install an application called Preload which will monitor what applications you run and then predict what you will run and fetch the binaries and their dependencies into memory for faster startup times. Say that you run Firefox, VLC, and GIMP every day, Preload will keep the libraries in your RAM to load these programs for you faster. This is similar to Windows SuperFetch.
Now lets install Skype, Wine VLC, Google Earth, Java, Flash Player 10, and Amarok.
Adobe Acrobat Reader
Adobe Acrobat Reader is no longer available in the Medibuntu repositories. It is now located in the Canonical Partner Repositories. To install Acrobat, we need to enable to Canonical Partner Repositories.
Look for the lines:
# deb-src http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu jaunty partner
and uncomment them. Now we need to update our package list and install Acrobat.
Clean it all up
Now that we have finished installing everything, we need to go through and clean up the mess that was made. We do that by running:
sudo apt-get autoclean
Now you have a fully customized full-featured Ubuntu 9.04 install. Enjoy!